The first cell phone was made available to the public in 1983 a DynaTAC 800x priced around four thousand dollars with 30 minutes of talk time before the battery died. The phone was about a foot long, and at the time was the hippest way to be available on the go. Cell phones used RF technology and radio waves to keep people connected across vast distances, and they will only improve as time goes on and the industry advances and networks expand. Below will explore the history of cell networks, from 1G to 5G.
1G Cell Networks
The first generation of cellular networks, 1G, was launched in Tokyo in 1979 and reached several other countries in 1981. America got its first 1G network, AMPS, in 1983 when the DynaTAC was introduced. AMPS had extreme security issues, but users didn’t care that they were at risk of eavesdroppers.
2G Cell Networks
2G emerged in the 1990s, and the first smartphone was released in 1993. The IBM Simon was a notepad, calendar, contact sheet, email service, and it was touchscreen. It also had a full QWERTY keyboard to put it over the top. It sold for between $899 and 1099, depending on the contract you chose.
3G Cell Networks
When 2G was no longer able to meet the mobile demands of the world, 3G was introduced to allow for increased speed when transmitting data. 3G gave the world the ability to stream media over mobile networks, a breakthrough technology for the time.
4G Cell Networks
The current generation, 4G, has speeds 10 times faster than previous 3G technology. 4G also has an LTE option, further increasing data transfer speeds across all connected devices.
5G Cell Networks
With new innovative technology constantly being developed, such as the use of a hybrid coupler as opposed to directional couplers, experts estimate that 5G will be the next widely used cell network by 2027.